Distance - Substation Automation (1.2 CEU's)

Dr. Eduard Loiczli

Eduard Loiczli is currently a Nuclear Integration Senior Electrical Engineer for Ontario Power Generation. He has more than 26 years experience in Electrical Engineering and Controls and has made many achievements in the industry. He has designed programming applications for nuclear applications, SCADA and DCS. He has also created programming and integration solutions for oil extraction and an automated line for the glass industry. In addition to programming solutions, Mr Loiczli has been project leader for design in many electrical projects.
Mr Loiczli is a member of IEEE, Ontario Fire Association and APEO. He is a Certified Nuclear Engineer.


Day One
Session 1: Substation typical structure
  • Electrical Drawings
  • Steel Structural design
  • Substation One Line diagram
  • Power Transformers
  • Protection
  • Power Switching Elements
  • Control Room
Session 2: Substation supervisory and control functions
  • Remote and Local Monitoring System
  • Remote Control of the switching Elements
  • Automated Control and protection
  • Emergency Power Systems
Session 3: Implementation of Grid Protections, overhead and underground transmission lines
  • Typical relay protection for overhead lines
  • Typical relay protection for underground and underground to overhead lines
  • Surge Suppression
  • Protection coordination and short circuit analysis
Session 4: Switchgear; Breakers Switches; Transformers
  • Switchgear Structure
  • Medium Voltage Breakers
  • High Voltage Breakers
  • Fused and un-fused Switches, visible disconnect
  • Power and distribution Transformers
Session 5: Power electronics used for transmission lines, DC Systems
  • Power Electronics components
  • Power Electronic Converters and switches
  • Four quadrant operation
  • Power Electronic Voltage and Current Protection
  • DC Transmission Lines
Day Two
Session 6: Grid Capacity, Voltage Regulation and Backup Transformers
  • Grid Voltage stability
  • Generator Loading and swing
  • Generator Compensation of reactive Power
  • Capacitor Bank Voltage Regulation
  • Backup Power Transformers
Session 7: Typical arrangement-SCADA, DCS, PLC, Industrial PC requirements
  • SCADA System arrangement
  • Substation supervisory and control functions
  • Distributed Control System, Smart Field Implementation
  • PLC versus PAC where to use what?
  • Advantage and disadvantage of the industrial PC
  • Legacy Distributed Control System
  • Power System Simulators, turnkey SCADA Systems Providers
Session 8: Network equipment for remote control and surveillance-RTU; GPS; Industrial ETH Switch, the role of wireless communication
  • Types of communications, deterministic versus none-deterministic networks
  • Switches requirements for Power Line transmission of information
  • Transmission Distance, speed, reliability, real time communication
  • Network structure, star; ring; linear, duplex and none duplex networks
  • Industrial ETH Protocol and implementation
  • Transmission of information on Power Lines – EMI
  • Network converters
  • Radio Communication-RTU
  • Wireless Communication applicability-GPS
Session 9: Power System Monitoring and Control Software
  • Software requirement, what should be monitored
  • Cyber Security Subsystem Requirements
  • Database for power transmission lines-Cyber Security
  • Connecting, Monitoring and Controlling none conventional units: Solar Systems and Wind Systems
  • Requirements and Design criteria-Standards IEC ; 60870; 61850 for SMART GRID CONTROL
  • Automatic decision Makers and Report Generators
Session 10: Requirement for Black Start, e.g. 2003, backup power and synchronization to the grid
  • Energy Storage units Battery bank
  • Emergency Backup generators and CTU
  • Surge Current during power up of the systems, dynamic loads and lighting
  • Generator Synchronization to the grid
  • What can cause a blackout?
  • Rapid response units during blackout: Gas versus Waterfall Power Generators
  • Requirements for Nuclear Plants during Blackout

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