Distance - LRFD - Bridge Substructure Design Workshop (1.8 CEUs)


  • Looking for professional development but do not have the time to take off from work?

  • Looking for refresher course on specific engineering topics and cannot find an intensive course to serve your needs?

  • This may be your ideal Professional Development course!

Find out more on how the Professional Development Distance Program may work for you - Click here


This course is approximately 5-6 weeks in duration.

Learning Method:

  • The PDDP program is more of a self-guided learning style.

  • You are required to read the notes and materials given, complete the follow-up assignments on your own, send in your questions prior to your 1 hour webinar meeting (if required) and be involved in live discussion via the internet.

  • Once you have completed the course, you will receive a certificate of completion


As our transportation infrastructure ages, there is an increasing need on the part of owners to demonstrate greater duty of care. Bridges are the most important part of transportation infrastructure. The conception, development and worldwide construction of bridges represents the most interesting and important achievements in civil engineering. Their safe, efficient and economic operation requires that the bridges be designed and constructed so they can be operational with routine maintenance for an extended design life. This course discusses bridge substructure systems, highlights the more technical aspects of bridge substructure design and rehabilitation.Focusing on components comprising and affecting bridge substructures, this course addresses the various types of each component and discusses specific selection or design criteria, with emphasis on both traditional and innovative practical solutions in professional applications. Basic concepts and assumptions are described based on HBDC. Introduction to analysis and design of bridge foundations, piers, bridge abutment walls, and retaining walls based on Working Stress, Limit States based on OHBDC, Load Factor based on AASHTO are also covered. In this three day seminar, you will gain a strong working knowledge of the techniques that are applicable to the design of bridges substructures, including shallow and deep foundation, piers, abutment walls and retaining structures.
To provide modern approaches to bridge substructures design, maintenance, strengthening and rehabilitation, so that inspection process, assessment, strengthening, rehabilitating / replacing them is accomplished effectively within budget limits.

To present practical and economical methods for evaluating, inspecting, strengthening and rehabilitating bridges.

Who Should Attend

  • Engineers, technicians, technologists and managers with responsibility for bridge inspection, safety, design, rehabilitation or management; consultants in small and medium sized companies wishing to bid bridge jobs; engineers in those organizations owning bridges who need to know what design and rehabilitation strategies best apply. 
  • Managers and engineers of national, provincial and local highway agencies, railway bridge engineers, consulting engineers, structural engineers, design engineers, superintendents and contractors who are interested in bridges, regulatory agency staff and others responsible for bridge rating, maintaining, upgrading and safeguarding existing bridges.
  • Bridge design engineers, planners, bridge contractors, bridge inspectors, supervisors, consulting engineers and contractors involved in design, evaluation, and restoration of highway bridges.

Special Features
You will receive free limited license of UniBear 1.2 for Windows, a program to analyze and design bridge piers, bridge abutment walls, and retaining walls. UniBear performs analysis based on Working Stress, Limit States based on OHBDC 1991, Load Factor based on AASHTO 1992, and Partial Factor based on European codes.

Materials Required
Standard engineering calculator and a laptop for software demo.

After participating in this course, you will be able to:

  • Solve some of the common bridge substructure design and construction problems
  • Evaluate existing bridge substructure and plan their rehabilitation and strengthening program
  • Design new bridges substructures and foundation
  • Carry out with confidence substructure rehabilitation
  • Add to useful life of your bridges with the methods you learn for substructure rehabilitation
  • Develop a better understanding of the application of the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code in conducting step-by-step manual calculations for the bridge substructure
  • Rehabilitate effectively your bridge substructure with the additional insight gained from this course
  • Choose from top methods used for substructure rehabilitation

The PDDP Distance Education program works as follows:

  • Once you register for this course, you will be sent a login username and password for our online distance website.

  • You will receive the course notes in hard copy through the online website, you will receive a set of notes each week covering the course material.

  • A one hour video-conference session will be conducted by your instructor each week (if required). The objective of this session is to assist in solving the assignments, as well as answer student questions that should be sent to instructor early enough prior to the meeting time. In addition with being able to communicate with the instructor, you will also be able to communicate with other students in the same class and watch their questions being answered as well. (A high speed internet connection is strongly recommended for this feature).

  • Each set of exercises can be completed and submitted by the indicated date and your completed exercise will be marked online and and returned by your instructor.

  • To gain the most from your course, it is highly recommended that you participate fully in all discussions and exercises. Please remember that each course has a form of quiz or exercise at the end to test your understanding of the material. You will be informed of these dates when you receive the course schedule.

*Course commencement date is subject to instructor availability.

Dr. Gamal Abdel Aziz

Dr. Gamal Abdelaziz, P.Eng, MSc. has a Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.

Dr. Abdelaziz has served as a senior geotechnical engineer at DST Consulting engineers, Sarafinchin Consulting engineers, Trow Consulting and EBA engineering. Currently he is the managing director of SAGA Engineering, Edmonton, AB, Canada. 

Dr. Abdelaziz has over 32 years of experience in geotechnical and structural engineering, foundation design, teaching, research and consulting in Canada and overseas.

Dr. Gamal has designed and delivered over one hundred geotechnical engineering workshops which are very well received by practitioners engineers in Canada and globally.

Currently he is a senior geotechnical engineer with SAGA Engineering, Edmonton, Alberta. His duties include revision of geotechnical design, including slope stability, foundation and machine foundation design, soil investigation, design of cuts and earthfills, evaluation of stability of existing slopes, slope reinforcement using geotextiles, geogrids, soil nails, base reinforcement to support earthfills on soft subgrade soils, Erosion protection using geocells matting, rip rap, stabilization of unstable slopes, evaluation of soil bearing capacity to support footing foundations, Settlement studies, deep foundations including driven piles, auger injected (CFA) piles, additional support to existing foundations by underpinning utilizing concrete panels, grouting, micropiles, evaluation of earth pressures on retaining walls, security of excavation base, tieback support, etc.

Dr. Abdelaziz is a former adjunct professor at University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, visiting professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada and part time professor at Seneca College, Toronto, Canada.

Dr. Abdelaziz is specialized in numerical modeling for solving sophisticated geotechnical engineering problems with respect to pile foundation and the linear and nonlinear analysis of soil-structure interaction. He designed charts to predict pressures acting on tunnels, and developed an analytical model for pile bearing capacity prediction.

Dr. Abdelaziz authored a number of technical papers and delivered numerous internal and external workshops on various geotechnical and Municipal engineering topics. Dr. Abdelaziz has been involved in a number of projects in Canada and overseas, such as tunneling, silos, buildings, retaining structures, siphons, irrigation networks and many other civil engineering projects in terms of design and construction.


  • Allowable Stress Design
  • Load and Resistance Factor Design

Principles of Limit States Design

  • Design Procedures
  • Allowable Stress Design (ASD)
  • Shortcomings of ASD
  • Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)
  • Advantages and Limitations of LRFD
  • Review of Statistics and Probability Concepts
  • Statistical Descriptors
  • Exercise


  • Load Considerations for Geotechnical Design of Substructures
  • Permanent Loads
  • Dead Loads
  • Downdrag Load DD
  • Lateral Earth Pressure Load EH
  • Earth Surcharge Load ES
  • Transient Loads
  • Vehicular Live Load LL
  • Vehicular Dynamic Load Allowance IM
  • Vehicular Centrifugal Force CE
  • Vehicular Breaking Force –BR
  • Pedestrian Live Load PL
  • Live Load Surcharge LS
  • Water Load and Stream Pressure Force WA
  • Wind Load WS and WL
  • Friction Force FR
  • Force Effects Due to Superimposed Deformations TU, TG,
  • CR, SH, and SE
  • Earthquake Force EQ
  • Ice Load –IC
  • Vehicular Collision Force CT
  • Vessel Collision Force CV
  • Load Factors and Load Combinations
  • Loads on Foundations and Retaining Walls
  • Loads on Culverts
  • Earth Loads
  • Vehicular Live Loads
  • Exercise

Geotechnical Site Characterization

  • Planning Exploration and Testing Programs
  • Soil and Rock Variability
  • Field Test Methods
  • Undisturbed Sampling
  • Rock Coring
  • Ground Water Location
  • Laboratory Test Methods
  • Example Problem: Develop Site Specific Resistance Factors from Field and
  • Laboratory Test Data
  • LRFD in Canadian Codes

Geotechnical Design Parameter Selection

  • Test Method Selection
  • Field Test Methods
  • Shear Strength
  • Compressibility
  • Laboratory Tests
  • Shear Strength
  • Compressibility
  • Index Tests
  • Parameter Evaluation
  • Reliability of Tests for Estimating Design Parameters
  • Field Test Methods
  • Shear Strength
  • Effective Stress Strength
  • Total Stress Strength
  • Compressibility
  • Laboratory Tests
  • Design Parameter Selection and Resistance Factors
  • Example Problem: Characterization Planning

Spread Footing Design

  • Design Methods
  • ASD Summary
  • LRFD Summary
  • Limit States
  • Resistance Factors
  • Comparison of Spread Footing Design Using LRFD and ASD
  • Modification of Resistance Factors
  • Summarized Comparison of ASD and LRFD
  • Performance Limits
  • Displacements and Tolerable Movement Criteria
  • Bearing Resistance
  • Sliding Resistance
  • Load Eccentricity (Overturning)
  • Overall Stability
  • Structural Resistance
  • Footing Embedment
  • Buoyancy and Uplift
  • Student Exercise: Bearing Resistance of Spread Footings on Sand
  • Student Problem: Footing Design on Soil Using ASD and LRFD

Driven Pile Design

  • Introduction
  • Design Methods
  • ASD Summary
  • LRFD Summary
  • Limit States
  • Resistance Factors
  • Comparison of Driven Pile Design Using LRFD and ASD
  • Geotechnical Design
  • Structural Design
  • Modification of Resistance Factors
  • Geotechnical Design
  • Structural Design
  • Summarized Comparison of LRFD and ASD
  • Performance Limits
  • Displacements and Tolerable Movement Criteria
  • Axial Resistance
  • Geotechnical Resistance
  • Structural Resistance
  • Lateral Resistance
  • Other Considerations
  • Group Effects
  • Negative Loading
  • Uplift Loading
  • Driving Stresses and Driveability
  • Fixity of PileCap Connection
  • Student Problem: Comparison of Pile Designs Using ASD and LRFD
  • Student Exercise: Pile Capacity Evaluation by Nordlund Method
  • Design Example: Design of Pile Support for Bridge Pier
  • Design Example: Design of Pile Support for Bridge Pier Subjected to
  • Downdrag Loading

Conventional Retaining Wall and Abutment Design

  • Design Methods
  • ASD Summary
  • LRFD Summary
  • Limit States
  • Resistance Factors
  • Comparison of Wall Design Using LRFD and ASD
  • Modification of Resistance Factors
  • Summarized Comparison of ASD and LRFD
  • Performance Limits
  • Displacements and Tolerable Movement Criteria
  • Geotechnical Resistance
  • Structural Resistance
  • Other Considerations
  • Loss of Passive Resistance
  • Drainage
  • Design Example: Cantilever Retaining Wall on Spread Footing by LRFD and ASD

Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) Wall Design

  • Introduction
  • Design Methods
  • General Design Considerations
  • ASD Summary
  • LRFD Summary
  • Limit States
  • Resistance Factors
  • Comparison of Wall Design Using LRFD and ASD
  • Modification of Resistance Factors
  • Summarized Comparison of ASD and LRFD
  • Performance Limits
  • Displacements and Tolerable Movements
  • Bearing Resistance
  • Sliding Resistance
  • Overall Stability
  • Pullout of Reinforcing Elements
  • Rupture of Reinforcing Elements
  • Horizontal Forces for Internal Stability Calculations
  • Design Life
  • Design Example: MSE Wall Design by LRFD
  • Design Example: Design of MSE Wall with Broken Backslope and
  • Traffic Surcharge by LRFD

Bridge Substructure Rehabilitation

  • Rehabilitation strategies - techniques to strengthen the bridge substructure without replacing it
  • Bridge substructure assessment
  • Material deterioration: concrete, steel, timber, fatigue assessment and seismic retrofit
  • Foundation rehabilitation
  • Substructure

TLNT reserves the right to cancel or change the date or location of its events. TLNT's responsibility will, under no circumstances, exceed the amount of the fee collected. TLNT is not responsible for the purchase of non-refundable travel arrangements or accommodations or the cancellation/change fees associated with cancelling them. Please call to confirm that the course is running before confirming travel arrangements and accommodations. Please click here for complete policies.

This is a Professional Development Distance Program course. These are open to a start date after you register, not scheduled for a specific date.

We could offer any of our courses at a location of your choice and customized contents according to your needs, please contact us at : inhouse@tlnt-training.com or click here  to submit an online request.

Course Materials

Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will serve as informative references.


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